The group working in the field of Optics and Optometry of the University of Milano-Bicocca is multidisciplinary. The main research activities concern optometry, contact lens fitting, materials science, optical systems, optics and spectroscopy for application in ophthalmic/optometric instrumentation, biology, visual perception.


  • Manual and computerized phoropters
  • Digital slit lamps
  • Autoref / Keratometer
  • Open-field autoref
  • Digital non-mydriatic retinal camera with fundus autofluorescence (FAF)
  • Non-contact Tonometer / Pachymeter
  • Rebound Tonometer
  • Corneal topographer – Scheimpflug Camera / Ocular aberrometer
  • Topographer / Biometer
  • Optical coherence tomograph
  • Corneal endothelial microscope
  • Digital Vision Screener (VisioSmart)
  • Javal-Schiotz and Helmholtz keratometer
  • Ophthalmoscopes and retinoscopes
  • Osmolarity system
  • Dacrioscope
  • Goldmann kinetic perimeter and automated static perimeter
  • Laboratory-to-classroom digital live connection
  • Video centration system

Optics and spectroscopy

  • Spectrophotometers for UV-visible-NIR transmission and reflectivity analyses (both solutions and solid samples), both in specular configuration and by integrating sphere for the diffuse light
  • UV-visible spectrometer for absorbance measurements on a few microliters of liquids
  • Solar simulator light source and equipment for analyses on photochromatic lenses
  • Variable-angle spectroscopic ellipsometer (200-1700 nm) for measurements of refractive index, Abbe number, and/or thickness of bulk samples, monolayer, and multilayers
  • Instrumentation for photoluminescence analyses
  • Instrumentation for spectrally-resolved illuminance and photometric analyses
  • Refractometer for liquids
  • Contrast and MTF analyses on optical systems, such as ophthalmics lenses
  • Optical polarized microscope and fluorescence microscope
  • Ray-tracing optical simulation techniques

Surface characterization: AFM laboratory, profilometer, tribometer

  • AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) to elaborate/model the contact lens surface morphology at micrometric and nanometric scale
  • Profilometer to analyze different surfaces at macroscopic and micrometric scale
  • Nanotribometer to test contact lenses in liquid

SEM interdipartimental laboratory

SEM (Scanning electron microscope) can produce images of different samples; for example, it can provide images of the contact lenses to study their morphology changes before and after the fitting depending on protein, lipid and maintenance solutions components absorption


Development of new hybrid materials for contact lenses and ophthalmic lenses and EPR (Electron Paramagnetic Resonance) analysis


  • DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) Laboratory
  • Biology Laboratory
  • Organic chemistry laboratory